You can also write to this address if you wish to propose the negotiation of new agreements with certain countries. In drawing up its bargaining plans, the SSA attaches great importance to the interests of workers and employers who will be affected by possible agreements. To prove to the tax authorities of a host country that a worker is exempt from paying that country`s social security taxes, he or she must keep a certificate of coverage (or his employer) and present it if necessary. The certificate is a document issued by the country whose laws continue to apply to that person in accordance with the rules of the agreement. The agreements define the bodies responsible for issuing such certificates in each country. Aggregation agreements, also known as bilateral agreements, eliminate dual social security (a situation that occurs when a person from one country works in another country and is required to pay social security taxes to both countries with equal income). Any aggregation agreement contains rules to allocate a worker`s coverage to the country where the worker has a greater economic connection. Generally speaking, the agreements ensure that the worker pays social security taxes to only one country, provided that the worker and the employer comply with the procedural requirements laid down in the agreement in order to obtain an exemption from the social security taxes of the other country. A non-resident right to assistance to foreigners, absent for six consecutive months or more in the United States, must also have resided for 5 years in the United States with the worker during which his relationship with the worker existed.
For example, a non-resident alien who is entitled to a spouse`s allowance and has been absent for six consecutive calendar months in the United States may be a citizen of a country that pays unlimited benefits to U.S. citizens outside that country`s borders. However, the spouse must also be married to the worker for 5 years while staying in the United States to obtain benefits abroad.9 Under U.S. law (42 U.S.C§ 402(t)(11)(E)) may include tabination provisions that lift payment restrictions for all residents of countries with which the United States has an agreement. Including third-country nationals and non-resident foreign beneficiaries10 These exceptions, based on the country of the worker`s nationality or nationality, are provisions of the Social Security Act. In most cases, aggregation agreements further expand the portability of benefits on the basis of residence. In 1977, labor immigration patterns were very different from those of 2018, and most U.S. trade and multinational relations then focused on Western Europe. Therefore, Article 233 was adapted to the social security systems of the time in Western Europe.
The first two agreements concluded by the United States with Italy and West Germany preceded the adoption of Section 233. That is why this scheme has been designed taking into account the social security systems of these two countries, which have already been subject to control. Both countries had traditional pay-as-you-go bismarck systems covering virtually their entire workforce. . . .